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Case Study Of Windows 2000 Operating System Ppt

Presentation on theme: "1 Case Study 2: Windows 2000 Chapter 11 11.1 History of windows 2000 11.2 Programming windows 2000 11.3 System structure 11.4 Processes and threads in."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Case Study 2: Windows 2000 Chapter 11 11.1 History of windows 2000 11.2 Programming windows 2000 11.3 System structure 11.4 Processes and threads in windows 2000 11.5 Memory management 11.6 Input/output in windows 2000 11.7 The windows 2000 file system 11.8 Security in windows 2000 11.9 Caching in windows 2000

2 2 Windows NT Some differences between Windows 98 and Windows NT

3 3 Windows 2000 (1) Different versions of Windows 2000

4 4 Windows 2000 (2) Comparison of some operating system sizes

5 5 The Win32 Application Programming Interface The Win32 API allows programs to run on almost all versions of Windows

6 6 The Registry (1) Top level keys and selected subkeys Capitalization has no meaning but follows Microsoft practice.

7 7 The Registry (2) Some of the Win32 API calls for using the registry

8 8 The Operating System Structure Structure of Windows 2000 (slightly simplified). Shaded area is executed Boxes, D, are device drivers Service processes are system daemons

9 9 Hardware Abstraction Layer Some of the hardware functions the HAL manages

10 10 Implementation of Objects (1) The structure of an object

11 11 Implementation of Objects (2) Some common executive object types managed by the object manager

12 12 Implementation of Objects (3) The relationship between handle tables, objects and type objects

13 13 The Object Name Space Some typical directories in the object name space

14 14 Environment Subsystems (1) Various routes taken to implement Win32 API function calls

15 15 Environmental Subsystems (2) Some key windows 2000 files –mode they run in –number of exported function calls –main contents of each file Calls in win32k.sys not formally exported –not called directly

16 16 Processes and Threads (1) Basic concepts used for CPU and resource management

17 17 Processes and Threads (2) Relationship between jobs, processes, threads, and fibers

18 18 Job, Process, Thread & Fiber Mgmt. API Calls Some of Win32 calls for managing processes, threads and fibers

19 19 Scheduling (1) Mapping of Win32 priorities to Windows 2000 priorities

20 20 Scheduling (2) Windows 2000 supports 32 priorities for threads

21 21 An example of priority inversion Scheduling (3)

22 22 MS-DOS Emulation How old MS-DOS programs are run under Windows 2000

23 23 Booting Windows 2000 Processes starting up during boot phase Those above the line are always started Those below are examples of services which could be started

24 24 Fundamental Concepts (1) Virtual address space layout for 3 user processes White areas are private per process Shaded areas are shared among all processes

25 25 Fundamental Concepts (2) Mapped regions with their shadow pages on disk The lib.dll file is mapped into two address spaces at same time

26 26 Memory Management System Calls The principal Win32 API functions for mapping virtual memory in Windows 2000

27 27 Implementation of Memory Management A page table entry for a mapped page on the Pentium

28 28 Physical Memory Management (1) The various page lists and the transitions between them

29 29 Physical Memory Management (2) Some of the major fields in the page frame data base for a valid page

30 30 Input/Output API Calls Categories of Win32 API calls

31 31 Device Drivers Windows 2000 allows drivers to be stacked

32 32 File System API Calls in Windows 2000 (1) Principle Win32 API functions for file I/O Second column gives nearest UNIX equivalent

33 33 File System API Calls in Windows 2000 (2) A program fragment for copying a file using the Windows 2000 API functions

34 34 File System API Calls in Windows 2000 (3) Principle Win32 API functions for directory management Second column gives nearest UNIX equivalent, when one exists

35 35 File System Structure (1) The NTFS master file table

36 36 File System Structure (2) The attributes used in MFT records

37 37 File System Structure (3) An MFT record for a three-run, nine-block file

38 38 File System Structure (4) A file that requires three MFT records to store its runs

39 39 File System Structure (5) The MFT record for a small directory.

40 40 File Name Lookup Steps in looking up the file C:mariaweb.htm

41 41 File Compression (a) An example of a 48-block file being compressed to 32 blocks (b) The MTF record for the file after compression

42 42 File Encryption Operation of the encrypting file system K retrieved user's public key

43 43 Security in Windows 2000 Structure of an access token

44 44 Security API Calls (1) Example security descriptor for a file

45 45 Security API Calls (2) Principal Win32 API functions for security

46 46 Caching in Windows 2000 The path through the cache to the hardware

Теперь он молил Бога, чтобы священник не торопился, ведь как только служба закончится, он будет вынужден встать, хотя бы для того чтобы пропустить соседей по скамье.

А в своем пиджаке он обречен. Беккер понимал, что в данный момент ничего не может предпринять. Ему оставалось только стоять на коленях на холодном каменном полу огромного собора. Старик утратил к нему всякий интерес, прихожане встали и запели гимн.

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