What is a Cause and Effect Essay?
A cause and effect essay is the type of paper that author is using to analyze the causes and effects of a particular action or event. A curriculum usually includes this type of exercise to test your ability to understand the logic of certain events or actions.
If you can see the logic behind cause and effect in the world around you, you will encounter fewer problems when writing. If not, writing this kind of paper will give you the chance to improve your skillset and your brain’s ability to reason.
“Shallow men believe in luck or in circumstance. Strong men believe in cause and effect.”
― Ralph Waldo Emerson
In this article, we’ll find out how to create an outline for your cause and effect essay – the key to successful essay writing.
Types of the Cause and Effect Essay
Before writing this kind of essay, you need to draft the structure. A good structure will result in a good paper, so it’s important to have a plan before you start. But remember, there’s no need to reinvent the wheel: just about every type of structure has already been formulated by someone.
If you are still unsure about the definition of the essay, find that out with our guide: What is an Essay?
Generally speaking, there are three types of cause and effect essays. We usually differentiate them by the number of and relationships between the causes and the effects. Let’s take a quick look at the various kinds:
Many causes, one effect
This kind of essay illustrates how different causes can lead to one effect. The idea here is to try and examine a variety of causes, preferably ones that come from different fields, and prove how they contributed to a particular effect. If you are writing about World War I, for example, mention the political, cultural, and historic factors that led to the great war.
By examining a range of fundamental causes, you will be able to demonstrate your mastery of the topic.
Here is how to structure this type of essay:
- Cause #1
- Cause #2
- Cause #3 (and so on…)
- The effect of the causes
One cause, many effects
This type of cause and effect essay is constructed to show the various effects of a particular event, problem, or decision. Once again, you will have to demonstrate your comprehensive knowledge and analytical mastery of the field. There is no need to persuade the reader or present your argument. When writing this kind of essay, an in-depth knowledge of the problem or event’s roots will be of great benefit. If you know why it happened, it will be much easier to write about the effects.
Here is the structure for this kind of essay:
- The Cause
- Effect #1
- Effect #2
- Effect #3 (and so on…)
Chain of causes and effects
This is the most challenging type. You need to maintain a chain of logic that demonstrates a sequence of actions and consequences, leading to the end of the chain. Although this is usually the most interesting kind of cause and effect essay, it can also be the most difficult to write.
Here is the outline structure:
- Cause #1
- Effect #1 = Cause #2
- Effect #2 = Cause #3
- Effect #3 = Cause #4 (and so on…)
Cause and Effect Essay Outline Example
Let’s take a look at an example. Below, you will find an outline for the topic “The causes of obesity” (Type 1):
- Introduction: Nowadays, people are overweight because of their increasing consumption of unhealthy food, a lack of physical activity, and their refusal to work with fitness trainers.
- People are eating a lot of unhealthy food that is cheap, easy-to-consume and contains a lot of calories. (Include statistics: how many people regularly consume unhealthy food.)
- People don’t move enough. Causes: inactive jobs, laziness, and not enough information about the consequences.
- People don’t want to visit a specialist. If they did, they would be informed about the causes of obesity and offered a plan to solve the problem.
- Effect: Until those problems are solved, people will become more and more obese. (Include a prognosis about obesity rates over the next decade.)
- Conclusion: Junk food, a lack of physical activity, and a refusal to visit a doctor are the three leading causes of obesity. We hope that the situation will change. (Include some examples of what each person can do about the problem)
As you can see, we used a blended strategy here. When writing about the ever-increasing consumption of unhealthy food, it is logical to talk about the marketing strategies that encourage people to buy fast foods. If you are discussing fitness trainers, it is important to mention that people need to be checked by a doctor more often, etc.
How do I start writing once I have drafted the structure?
If you start by structuring each paragraph and collecting suitable examples, the writing process will be much simpler. The final essay might not come up as a classic five paragraph essay – it all depends on the cause-effect chain and the number of statements of your essay.
In the Introduction, try to give the reader a general idea of what the cause and effect essay will contain. For an experienced reader, a thesis statement will be an indication that you know what you are writing about. It is also important to emphasize how and why this problem is relevant to modern life. If you ever need to write about the Caribbean crisis, for instance, state that the effects of the Cold War are still apparent in contemporary global politics.
In the Body, provide plenty of details about what causes led to the effects. Once again, if you have already assembled all the causes and effects with their relevant examples when writing your plan, you shouldn’t have any problems. But, there are some things to which you must pay particular attention. To begin with, try to make each paragraph the same length: it looks better visually. Then, try to avoid weak or unconvincing causes. This is a common mistake, and the reader will quickly realize that you are just trying to write enough characters to reach the required word count.
Moreover, you need to make sure that your causes are actually linked to their effects. This is particularly important when you write a “chained” cause and effect essay (type 3). You need to be able to demonstrate that each cause was actually relevant to the final result. As I mentioned before, writing the Body without preparing a thorough and logical outline is often an omission.
The Conclusion must be a summary of the thesis statement that you proposed in the Introduction. An effective Conclusion means that you have a well-developed understanding of the subject. Writing the Conclusion can be one of the most challenging parts of this kind of project. You typically write the Conclusion once you have finished the Body, but in practice, you will sometimes find that a well-written conclusion will reveal a few mistakes of logic in the Body!
Cause and Effect Essay Sample
Be sure to check the sample essay, completed by our writers. Use it as an example to write your own cause and effect essay. Link: cause and effect essay sample: advertising ethic issues.
Tips and Common Mistakes from Our Expert Writers
“According to statistics, thin role models along with the lowered self-esteem are the primary causes of such problems as loss of appetite and anorexia nervosa among teens.”
That is how a typical cause and effect essay may sound. If you have not heard about this type of academic assignment, the given post will be useful.
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How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay?
A cause and effect essay is a type of academic writing high school & college students often face, in which some certain factors and their consequences are explained in details. The primary goal of such writing is to draw a logical parallel between the events.
The upcoming paragraphs will help to understand how to write a cause and effect essay on the chosen topic step-by-step. Speaking about the length of this academic assignment, read the given post to decide on the proper amount of pages to cover the issue in full.
Cause and Effect Essay Outline
A cause and effect essay outline does not look like most of the other outlines. It may have more or less than 3 body paragraphs and a varying structure based on the purpose and topic covered by the author. One thing that all essays have in common is an eye-catching introduction.
Cause and Effect Essay Introduction
The primary part of the introduction is a thesis statement. This sentence or 2 establish the focus of the project. Specify whether you write about causes, effects, both, and provide a brief overview of the chosen subjects to analyze.
Example: Pretend the teacher assigned a task on anorexia nervosa. In case the causes are the focus, a thesis statement might look this way:
“Many young people today, especially young girls, lack a significant amount of weight because of the increasing popularity of thin models and active Hollywood promotion.”
If the effects of the health condition are at the heart of your discussion, a thesis may look this way:
“The ongoing increase in teen anorexia nervosa has led to the increasing number of deaths among young adolescents in the United States.”
No specific statistics is necessary for a thesis statement. If both effects & causes matter in the paper, a thesis will sound:
“Because of the increased popularity of skinny celebrities, the percentage of anorexia nervosa cases among young patients is growing, and it often results in death.”
The next goal in the row is to insert applicable transition words or phrases to make a single logical text.
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Transition Paragraph in Cause and Effect Essay
The most challenging goal of this type of academic writing is to connect the ideas into a single story. The only way to build the bridges between the sentences and entire ideas is to involve transition phrases or words. It can be a full transition paragraph.
Experts recommend focusing on the transition words instead of developing a separate paragraph to avoid wordiness:
- Because of
- In the end
- Due to
- If… then
Overall, students may find up to 100 transitional options in the English language. Literary terms can help. Discover more ways to select the proper literary terms to include in your writing.
Cause and Effect Essay Conclusion Examples
The cause and effect essay conclusion examples must contain a restated thesis statement. Also, the writer should prepare a summary of the main points and share specific forecasts for the future or end up with a rhetorical question/interesting fact to leave a strong impression on the reader. Take a look at the possible conclusion examples from experts.
“As a result young fans of modern skinny celebrities are at a high risk for bias as a result of their eating habits and appearance (Gloom). Regardless of their age or ethnic group, all teens living in the United States possess these risks. The media provokes the problem as it prefers promoting skinny celebrities. The worst effect of the rapidly lost weight is anorexia nervosa. This health condition leads to the fatal outcomes in 86% of cases and is supported by the decrease in the functionality of the central nervous system. Thus, there is a strong correlation between eating habits, media influence, the popularity of skinny celebrities, and stress levels when it comes to anorexia nervosa.”
Maggie Wednesday, a professional writer at Pro Essay Writer
20 Stunning Cause and Effect Essay Topics for School & College
Analyze the proposed cause and effect essay topics shared by the top college students and their teachers. We have divided the full list of topics into several separate categories to make the search process simpler.
Fun Cause and Effect Essay Topics
- Causes of a Student Popularity on YouTube
- Causes & Effects of Uploading Improper Selfie on Instagram
- Do not Miss another Match: Just Watch It Online!
- All Those Silly Cheerleading Contests and Their Causes for High School Students
- The Difficult Relations between The Simpsons and the Griffins
Historical Cause and Effect Essay Topics
- Analyzing the Causes & Consequences of the World War II Main Events
- Salem Witch Trials Contribution to World’s History
- Arab Spring Uprising Correlation with the Women’s Rights
- Hitler’s Pact: Its Causes and Outcomes for Germans
- The Causes of the Cuban Missile Crisis in Details
Best Cause and Effect Essay Topics
- The Causes of the decrease of Spelling in Average Schools
- Democratic Institutions Ruled by People and Their Outcomes for the Humanity
- Brand Loyalty Causes and Effects
- Big Bang Theory Causes & Outcomes
- Where Can Climate Change Take Us?
Cause and Effect Essay Topics for College Students
- Why is Obesity a Danger for Modern Teens?
- How Can We Reduce the Poverty to Become Happier?
- Hate Crimes Significance and Possible Results
- Civil War Role in the History of the United States
- Anorexia Nervosa and Where It Can Lead the Modern Generation of Students
What about Cause and Effect Essay Examples?
The article has covered some of the most popular cause and effect essay topics. A student can come up with a unique option. Teachers appreciate creative solutions. Free cause and effect essay examples online are one more good way to analyze the best writing practices and offer solutions based on them. The examples may become templates in one click – erase the already existing content by leaving just the sections name and some other hints.
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